Naira depreciation adds N9tn to foreign debt burden

The value of naira to dollar fell from N196.92 in June 2015 to N414.72 in June 2022, worsening Nigeria’s foreign debt burden.

Within the seven years under review, the naira depreciated by 52.52 per cent against the US dollar

The Monthly Average Exchange Rates of the Naira (Naira Per Unit of Foreign Currency) for 2015 document obtained from the website of the Central Bank of Nigeria shows that the one dollar was N196.92 for Inter-bank Foreign Exchange Market.

The exchange rate for one dollar as of June 30, 2022, was N414.72, according to the figure provided by the CBN.

It was reported that Nigeria’s total external debt rose from $10.32bn as of June 30, 2015, to $40.06bn as of June 30, 2022

This showed that there was an increase of 288.18 per cent in seven years, according to the external debt stock reports by the Debt Management Office.

A breakdown shows that in 2015, states had $3.27bn external debt while the Federal Government had $7.05bn.

By 2022, states’ external debt had risen to $4.56bn, while the Federal Government’s external debt was $35.5bn.

The debts include: loans from multilateral sources such as the World Bank, the African Development bank and the International Monetary Fund, including those from bilateral sources such as China, France, Japan, Germany and India.

They also include debts commercial sources, which include Eurobonds and Diaspora bonds.

If the CBN average exchange rate for June 2015 was used to weigh the country’s current $40.06bn foreign debt, Nigeria’s external debt in naira terms would have been N7.89tn.

However, with the exchange rate of N414.72 as of June 30 this year, the total external debt in naira terms was N16.61tn, showing a difference of N8.72tn.

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