Nigeria plans to use a $3 billion loan it’s negotiating with the World Bank to tackle mounting debt in the power sector that risks the collapse of companies running the national grid.
“Distribution companies are not collecting enough revenue to pay their bills to the power-generation companies, who then can’t pay their bills to the gas companies supplying them,” Shubham Chaudhuri, the country director of the World Bank, said in an interview in Abuja, the capital. “The federal government has been stepping in to cover the bills for now, because otherwise the power will shut off.”
Africa’s most populous nation — with almost 200 million people — struggles to meet its electricity needs even after state-owned power assets were sold to private investors in 2013 in a bid to boost supply. Electricity production per capita is less than 15% of the average of emerging-market economies and less than 25% of the sub-Saharan Africa average, according to the International Monetary Fund.
Almost everyone in Nigeria depends on generators for regular electricity supply, adding drastically to costs for businesses.
President Muhammadu Buhari’s government has asked for World Bank assistance to turn around its power industry. Chaudhuri said some of the solutions may be new policies and regulations, along with additional financing.
“What we’re trying to do is to help the government figure out what combination of reforms and financing will be needed to get the power sector on track,” he said.